Financial Markets


For years, astrophysicists have chartered the deepest recesses of the universe, wrestling with profound cosmic mysteries tied to the motion of galaxies. Existing forces do not appear to satisfy Newton’s law of gravity, given that galaxies rotate much faster than predicted. This discrepancy led to the hypothesis of an invisible, enigmatic substance called dark matter providing additional gravitational force. Yet despite rigorous efforts, directly detecting this dark matter and aligning it with known particles in the Standard Model of particle physics remains elusive, propelling some researchers towards alternative theories. However, could these alternatives be displacing the quest for understanding dark matter?

One such substitute to the conventional wisdom is Milgromian dynamics, or Mond (Modified Newtonian Dynamics), a theory introduced by Israeli physicist Mordehai Milgrom in 1982. Rather than concluding the universal existence of dark matter, Milgrom suggested a modification in the behavior of gravity at the perimeters of galaxies. The implication of Mond is that gravity's behavior morphs at low accelerations rather than at specific distances from an object. Essentially, this would suggest that Mond effects may become noticeable a tenth of a light year away from a star, and might even be detectable at the outer reaches of our Solar System.

Nonetheless, the Cassini mission to Saturn did not corroborate predictions set by Mond, instead affirming the legitimacy of Newton's laws for the gas giant. Detailed research has further highlighted the inadequacy of Mond in explaining certain cosmic observations. Even accounting for a wide range of uncertainties, Mond fails to match data observed from Saturn, with the probability of it being correct equating to the likelihood of a coin landing heads up 59 times consecutively.

Condenatory data piles up against Mond beyond the orbit of Saturn as well. Experiments executed with wide binary stars and small bodies located in the outer precincts of the Solar System also force astrologists to question the validity of this alternative theory. It seems that Mond cannot explain these observations effectively, and consequently, its plausibility as a competitor to the dark matter assumption dwindles.

Indeed, the standard dark matter model of cosmology has its challenges, and there are still vast areas left to explore and test. Yet, compared to alternatives like Mond, it still seems to be a better fit for the data cosmologists currently have at their disposal.

Therefore, whilst neither theory is without its unresolved issues and points of contention, this comparative view suggests that Mond cannot be considered a viable alternative to dark matter. At least, for the time being, physicists and cosmologists will have to continue their search for the missing pieces in the vast, enigmatic puzzle of the universe. As science propels further into the depths of the cosmos, it must grapple with such knotty contradictions between theory and observation, in the hope of illuminating an accurate understanding of our grand cosmic order.